FALSE

Cesar Virata is not the country’s first prime minister. Neither is he the first prime minister under the 1973 Constitution.

Senatorial candidate Larry Gadon wrongly identified Virata as the first prime minister while advocating for a parliamentary form of government in an interview with Apollo Quiboloy aired on Sonshine Media Network Inc.’s (SMNI)’s YouTube channel on April 16.

He also incorrectly said the Philippines adopted the parliamentary system under the “1975 Constitution.”

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FactRakers is a Philippines-based fact-checking initiative of journalism majors at the University of the Philippines-Diliman working under the supervision of Associate Professor Yvonne T. Chua of the University of the Philippines’ Journalism Department. Associate Professor Ma. Diosa Labiste, also of the Journalism Department, serves as editorial consultant.

The name of the initiative, coined from the words “fact” and “raker,” is inspired by the term “muckrakers,” first used in the early 1900s by American president Theodore Roosevelt to express his annoyance at progressive, reform-minded journalists at the time.

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