A Facebook page supporting senatorial candidate and incumbent Sorsogon Gov. Francis “Chiz” Escudero posted an edited photo of OCTA Research’s April senatorial survey to depict he enjoyed a 100% voter preference. In reality, it was only 50%.

Heart ko si Chiz uploaded the photo on April 19, blurring out a significant portion of OCTA Research’s Tugon ng Masa survey results to show only Escudero’s name beside a 100 mark. The photo also bore the headline “CHIZ AMONG PREFERRED SENATORS IN OCTA SURVEY.”

The image excluded two measures in the original polls: respondents’ awareness of the candidate and voter preference. Awareness does not necessarily translate to voter preference.

This explains why despite 100% of respondents saying they were aware of Escudero’s senatorial bid, only half said they would vote for him.

Read the full story on FactRakers.

FactRakers is a Philippines-based fact-checking initiative of journalism majors at the University of the Philippines-Diliman working under the supervision of Associate Professor Yvonne T. Chua of the University of the Philippines’ Journalism Department. Associate Professor Ma. Diosa Labiste, also of the Journalism Department, serves as editorial consultant.

The name of the initiative, coined from the words “fact” and “raker,” is inspired by the term “muckrakers,” first used in the early 1900s by American president Theodore Roosevelt to express his annoyance at progressive, reform-minded journalists at the time.